Kosovos independence and after

  I headed from Pristina, the capitcal of kosovo to the northen part of Kosovo along the main high way. About thirty minutes later I arrived at Mitrovic, a lively town. As I was dropping off my car, I looked around the town. Construction on new building was underway and the road was full of cars. In this town, there were armored military cars that were patrolling the perimeter. The atmospher here seemed more tense than in pristina.
  While walking on the street, I asked an Albanian guy where the large bridge was. Upon hearing this question, he asked me bluntly “Are you sure you want to cross the bridge?` I lied and said that I had promised to meet my friend in front of the bridge and moved forward.
  I got in the car for about 5 minutes until I saw the large brige. There was a French flag on the building behind it. Even though there were troops stationed there, there seemed to be no inspection, Three military men were chatting without paying any attention to us as we crossed. Looking over the bridge, we saw a river that flowed and eventually became smaller.
This was the very bridge which was separating Serbian area and the Albanian area. There was this invisible but solid wall between the bridge. Once I crossed the bridge, I moved into an area, where they used Dinar instead of Euro. There existed the border which can be visible only to them.
Kosovo declared its independence from the Republic of Serbia last February. Of course the Serbian government never accepted this. For Serbia, Kosovo was not only a holy place for the Greek Orthodox church, but also important for its military strategy. Even though Albanians make up 90 % of population in Kosovo, the Serbian won’t grant it its independence as long as Serbian people continue living. Many countries now try to make sure that Kosovo receives its independence. However, in addition to Russia and Serbia, some EU member countries such as Spain are attempting to block their movement for independence.
There are not so many drastic progress in the situation in Kosovo. Needless to say, the condition of Serb people who are living in Kosovo became worse after the declaration of independence. Mitorovic was divided along the ethic line, with majority of Serb living in northern part of Mitrovic and Albanians in the southern part. In this north part of Mitrovic, every legal rule is controlled by Rupublic of Serb. The schools are financed and administered by Serbian government. many of Serb minority areas in Kosovo are in the same situation as in Mitrovic.
  However, after Kosovo declared its independence, some problems arose. For example, Serbian identification driver’s licence, which used to be valid in kosovo, was acceptable. Serbian people would be caught by police and fined when they drive outside their communities. Serbian people living in Mitrovic are in a better situation than the ones living in the south part of Kosovo, because people in Mitrovic can drive freely to Republic of Serbia. This is not the case for people who live in a small town in the south. Freedom of movement for those Serbs has been restricted. The Serbian and Kosovo governments have been trying to reach an understanding but have been unable to come to an agreement.
  In order to solve this deadlock, a compromise between governments and citizens is needed. recently, the international community has pressured the Serbian government to relsease Kosovo. They try to incentivize the Serbian goverment to do so by promising them membership in European Union. But it might be a long way to go.
  For example. if the Serbian government gave up Kosovo, it is likely that the Kosovo government would give some autonomy to the area where Serbian people are currently residing. However, because granting autonomy would mean that all administrative services would be under the Kosovo government, the salary of the civil cervant would be reduced to one third of what it is now. The Serb population in Kosovo and out of Kosovo are fundamentalyy opposed to this plan.
  The politicans in Serbia must take an aggressive attitude toward Kosovo. Over 62 countries (including Japan) have recognized Kosovo’s independence, but in order to actually function as a full flleged country, they must compromize with each other. They both must walk the long road ahead.

ぐし Gushi について

Currently working for a Japanese consulting firm providing professional business service. After finishing my graduate course at Uppsala University in Sweden (2013), I worked for the European Parliament in Brussels as a trainee and then continued working at a lobbying firm in Brussels(2015). After that I joined the Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, working in a unit dedicating for the negotiations on EU-Japan's Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA/FTA) (-2018). 現在は民間コンサルティング会社で勤務。スウェーデンのウプサラ大学大学院政治行政学修士取得、欧州議会漁業委員会で研修生として勤務(-2013年3月)、ブリュッセルでEU政策や市場動向などを調査の仕事に従事した後(-2015年3月)、外務省で日EUのEPA交渉チームで勤務(-2018年3月)。連絡先:gushiken17@hotmail.com
カテゴリー: EU, 旅行(全般), 体験ツアー報告 パーマリンク

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